Here Neo-Pythagoreanism arose. Paul Arrives at Rome Origin: Mark 15:21, Acts 19:33, Acts 18:24, Acts 27:6: Add to favourite : … Here are of Alexandria, Alexandrian and related words in the Bible. Of Alexandria, Alexandrine, or belonging to Alexandria Greek: Ἀλεξανδρῖνος, alexandrinos (G222) 2 King James Bible Verses. Meta. It was founded by Alexander the Great, B.C. Meta. Bible > Strong's > Greek > 221 ... (Alexandria) Definition an Alexandrian NASB Translation Alexandrian (1), ... of Alexandria, Alexandrian. Synagogue God, Impartiality Of False Teachers, Examples Of. 6There the centurion found an Alexandrian ship bound for Italy and put us on board. The city was worthy of the reputation which wealth, trade, and a cultured monarchy had given it. He is the author of Paul the Martyr: The Cult of the Apostle in the Latin West (Society of Biblical Literature and Brill, 2011) and The Deaths of the Apostles: The Ancient Martyrdom Accounts of Peter and Paul (SBL Press, 2015). Although in Egypt, Alexandria was a strongly Hellenized city, because it was founded by the Greek king Alexander the Great. Stephen `disputed' in Jerusalem in the synagogue of the Alexandrians . Salome Alexandra was the wife of Aristobulus I (104-103 b.c. Some Greek philosophers and grammarians used a method of literary interpretation called allegory to defend or explain problematic accounts in Homer’s epics. Arius and Athanasius were two of the most famous Christian theologians of the fourth century. The Given Name Alexandria. 280, and finished about B.C. The name Alexandra in the Bible The name Αλεξανδρα (Alexandra) stems from deep antiquity, and it's probably older than the masculine version Alexander. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Defender of mankind. There were no fees, the lecturers being supported by gifts from rich students. The school was closed toward the end of the 4th century because of theological disturbances in Egypt, but its work was continued from Caesarea and other centers, affecting profoundly Western teachers like Jerome and Ambrose, and completely dominating Eastern thought. Skip to content. Luke twice speaks of himself and Paul sailing in "a ship of Alexandria" (Acts 27:6; 28:11). It ranks as the second largest city in Egypt, and is located only 225 km from the ancient city of Cairo. Later, they erected a grand lighthouse on the Islan… (The title is fitting. The magnificent ancient library of Alexandria collected all the Greek books of its time and also had a quite a significant connection with the origins of the Septuagint (Greek Bible). These levels were. Orr, James, M.A., D.D. At the end of the rainy season, the river would swell and flood the Nile Valley, carrying nutrient-rich silt to replenish the valley’s fertility. What Does Alexandria Mean and History? Both came from Alexandria, but they fundamentally disagreed about the nature of Christ. Many Jews from Alexandria were in Jerusalem, where they had a synagogue (Acts 6:9), at the time of Stephen's martyrdom. Confrontation Disputes Missionaries, Support For. Alexandria, located in Africa in the country of Egypt, is named after its founder, Alexander the Great, who began it around 331 B.C. iv.35) His keen eye noted the strategic possibilities of the site occupied by the little Egyptian village of Rhacotis, and his decision was immediate to erect here, where it would command the gateway to the richest domain of his empire, a glorious city to be called by his own name. The Tabernacle of Ancient Israel - Brief Overview of the Tabernacle of Moses in the Wilderness and the Ark of the Covenant.    |    Donate, http://www.bibleodyssey.org/en/places/main-articles/alexandria, Allegorical Readers and Cultural Revision in Ancient Alexandria, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria, When God Spoke Greek: The Septuagint and the Making of the Christian Bible, Resources for the study of the Greek translations of the Hebrew Bible, Translations of Clement of Alexandria’s works online. These direct references are few, but the influence of Alexandria on the Bible was inestimable. Caird, Evolution of Theology in the Greek Philosophers (1904); Pfleiderer, Philosophy and Development of Religion (1894); Schaff, History of Christian Church (1884-1910); Zogheb, Etudes sur l'ancienne Alexandrie (1909). The oldest autographic Christian letter known (3rd century) proves that at that time the church was used as a bank, and its ecclesiastics (who, whether priests or bishops, were called "popes") were expected to help the country merchants in their dealings with the Roman markets. The Alexandrian text-type is one of several text types found among New Testament manuscripts. By the days of Augustus a Council of Elders (gerusia) had control, presided over by 71 archons. 24Now there came to Ephesus a Jew named Apollos, a native of Alexandria. During the 4th century, ten councils were held in Alexandria, it being theological and ecclesiastical center of Christendom. The Anti-Jewish Past of Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez’s Favorite Bible Story. When the Christians reached political power they used the same methods of controversy, wrecking the Caesarion in 366 and the Serapeum twenty-five years later. Stephen `disputed' in Jerusalem in the synagogue of the Alexandrians (Acts 6:9). See Alexandria for further details. Here Euclid wrote his Elements of Geometry; here Archimedes, "that greatest mathematical and inventive genius of antiquity," made his spectacular discoveries in hydrostatics and hydraulics; here Eratosthenes calculated the size of the earth and made his other memorable discoveries; while Ptolemy studied here for 40 years and published an explanation of the stellar universe which was accepted by scientists for 14 centuries, and established mathematical theories which are yet the basis of trigonometry. Also called the Hebrew Bible, those parts of the canon that are common to both Jews and Christians. (See VERSION .). Jews who live outside of Israel or any people living outside of their native land. Dec. 4 2020. Some curious relics of the early Egyptian church have very recently come to light. Some details in the translation seem to reveal the Hellenistic, urban context of the translators, in contrast to the earlier contexts of the Hebrew texts. 333). Its importance as one of the chief corn-ports of Rome secured for it the general favor of the first emperors. Apollos, a very important early Christian teacher mentioned by Paul and in Acts, was a native of Alexandria. Apollos, eloquent and mighty in the" "Scriptures, was a native of this city (Acts 18:24). Below are the English definition details. Find the complete details of Alexandria name on BabyNamesCube, the most trusted source for baby name meaning, numerology, origins, similar names and more! Doubtless numbers of the recently discovered documents from the Cairo genizah came originally from Alexandria. Egypt was a battle-field in which each sect persecuted every other. The name of the text type comes from Codex Alexandrinus, a manuscript of this type.. Over 5,800 New Testament manuscripts have been classified into four groups by text type. Excavations by the English (1895) and Germans (1898-99) have yielded few results, though Dr. G. Botti discovered the Serapeum and some immense catacombs, and only recently (1907) some fine sphinxes. "fish bread" will search for verses that contains fish OR bread in minumum 1 bible version: without: search for verses not contained of the search words. Alexandria was the second-most important city in the Roman Empire, after Rome itself. His temple was built of most precious marbles and filled with priceless sculptures, while in its cloisters was a library second only to the Great Library of the Museum. A Jewish philosopher who lived from roughly 20 B.C.E. Jewish document considered part of the Pseudepigrapha and dealing mostly with the circumstances and rationale for the creation of the Septuagint, a Hellenistic Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible. Celebrated scholars, members of the various faculties, were domiciled within the halls of the Museum and received stipends or salaries from the government. Bible Prophecy. An authoritative collection of texts generally accepted as scripture. "Critical" religious scholarship contrasts with popular and sectarian studies. Alexander was the son of Simon of Cyrene, who carried the cross of Jesus. Alexandria Name Meaning. Alexandria was founded by Alexander the Great in April 331 BC as Alexandria. [cited 15 Jan 2021]. Either way, the Hexapla is significant as an early attempt to perform textual criticism. "Entry for 'ALEXANDRIA'". Lowercase ("orthodox"), this term means conforming with the dominant, sanctioned ideas or belief system. Alexander is pronounced al-ex-an-der. "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". It was so named in honour of its founder, Alexander the Great of Macedonia. Alexandria is generally used as a girl's name. His use of certain Greek terms that are also found in the Christian Greek Scriptures may shed light on their meaning and can therefore be of interest to Bible students.—See study note on Mt 19:28. Alexandria was a city in which Greek and Jewish cultures intermingled, and this had a profound impact on the development and interpretation of biblical texts. Paul also displays a preference for the Greek text of the Hebrew Scriptures in his letters. Of or relating to Greek culture, especially ancient Greece after Alexander the Great. After Rome became the chief city of the world, Alexandria ranked second to Rome in wealth and importance, and second to Athens only in literature and science. It may be claimed that in literature no special originality was displayed though the earliest "love storms" and pastoral poetry date from this period (Mahaffy); yet the literature of the Augustan Age cannot be understood "without due appreciation of the character of the Alexandrian school" (EB, 11th ed. Meanings English Baby Names Meaning: In English Baby Names the meaning of the name Alexandra is: Feminine of Alexander. Original Word: Ἀλεξανδρεύς, έως, ὁ Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: Alexandreus Phonetic Spelling: (al-ex-and-reuce') Definition: an Alexandrian Usage: an Alexandrian, a native (or resident) of Alexandria in Egypt. Some synagogues seem to have exercised the right of asylum, the same as heathen temples. In Bible times, the life-source of Egypt was the Nile River, which provided the area’s only supply of water for drinking and irrigation. It was named for its founder, Alexander the Great, who built the city after his conquest of Egypt (331 B.C.E.) the Greek name Iseous. Its collection of books grew to be the greatest library of ancient times, and contained at one time 700,000 rolls or volumes. A Jew of Ephesus who took a prominent part in the uproar raised there by the preaching of Paul ( Acts 19:33).The Jews put him forward to plead their cause before the mob. It had a famous library of 700,000 books. Our research results for the name of ALEXANDRIA hasn’t been found in the Bible/Torah/Quran . The paucity of literary remains from Judah and Israel during the biblical period suggests that facility in reading and writing was largely limited to scribal families. Of or relating to Alexandria, Egypt. On the other hand literature and art flourished under the careful protection of the court. Answer: Alexander the coppersmith in the Bible was a man who did significant harm to Paul’s ministry (2 Timothy 4:14). Thus, for most early Christians, their “Old Testament” was the Septuagint. alexandria: Biblical Meaning of alexandria in Smiths Bible Dictionary (Bible History Online) Alexandria was the capital of Egypt. He produced numerous allegorical commentaries on the Pentateuch, with particular emphasis on Genesis and Exodus. Apollos, eloquent and mighty in the Scriptures, was a native of this city ( Acts 18:24 ). Situation .-- (Alexandria was situated on the Mediterranean Sea directly opposite the island of Pharos, 12 miles west of the Canopic branch of the Nile and 120 miles from the present city of Cairo.) Origen, for example, proposed that scripture may have three levels of meaning: literal, moral, and allegorical. Each district had a practically independent political government. In the later Hellenistic and Roman periods, large numbers of Jews were living outside the traditional Jewish homeland as part of the Diaspora. 38 0 Comments Print Email Kindle. Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - Alexandria, Bible Dictionaries - Smith's Bible Dictionary - Alexandria, Encyclopedias - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Alexandria, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. It was in accordance with the custom of that era. Although allegorical interpretation today is out of vogue insofar as it often slights the more obvious meanings of a text, it remains appropriate if an ancient author intended a deeper or symbolic meaning. The thought of both Sadducee and Pharisee was affected by it and much late pre-Christian Jewish literature is saturated with it. Some time in the third century BCE, a Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures (initially just the Torah) was begun in Alexandria. 332, who himself traced the ground plan of the city. The events of 3 Maccabees, which is part of the Bible in the, Egyptian grain shipped from Alexandria was, Early Christian traditions about Mark, the author of a New Testament. in order to facilitate naval trade and communication with Greece. A West Semitic language, in which most of the Hebrew Bible is written except for parts of Daniel and Ezra. the first place, because Jesus is an English translation of. The masculine name gained popularity when Alexander the Great went on his military binge and … Neo-Platonism was the "germ out of which Christian theology sprang" (Caird) though later it became an adverse force. The first theological school of Christendom was founded in Alexandria. Alexandria. Alexandria is good for parents who want a name that is delightful and stylish. Alexandra is a Girl name, meaning Defender of mankind in American origin. Its collection of books grew to be the greatest library of ancient times, and contained at one time 700,000 rolls or volumes. At one time it is said that as many as 10,000 Jews resided in this city. Here for the first time is seen a school of science and literature, adequately endowed and offering large facilities for definite original research. ALEXANDRIA, OR ALEXANDRIA [SMITH] (from Alexander), 3 Ma 3:1; (Acts 18:24; 6:9) the Hellenic, Roman and Christian capital of Egypt. Ministry of Apollos Alexandra appeals to parents who seek a name with genuine depth. It was probably modeled after earlier Gnostic schools established for the study of religious philosophy. It always stood for the philosophical vindication of Christianity. It is unknown why Origen undertook this project. Verse Concepts. In Alexandria, Philo applied this method to interpreting the Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures. Sherrill Chair of Bible, The McCallie School. Caird). It was, however, not all translated at one time. Under the khedives it has recently gained something of its old importance and numbers now 320,000, of whom 46,000 are Europeans, chiefly Greeks (Baedeker, Handbook, 1902; Murray, Handbook, 1907). Philo believed that Judaism was the only true religion, and he sought to lead Gentiles to God by making Judaism acceptable to them. 3. A broad, diverse group of nations ruled by the government of a single nation. Alexandra is generally used as a girl's name. The next morning the city was evacuated and Jews and Coptics received better treatment from the Arabs than they had from the Roman or Greek ecclesiastics. It offered a three years' course. whose writings bridge Greek culture and Jewish thought. The application of critical models of scholarship to a text. The mechanism of the lunar phases was perfectly understood, and careful though not wholly successful calculations were made of inter-sidereal distances. When Christianity became the state religion of Egypt the native philosophers, moved by patriotism, rallied to the support of Serapis. It was obtained in Alexandria and sent as a present to the king of England (1628) by Cyrellus Lucaris, the Patriarch of Constantinople. Definition: Alexander = "man defender" son of Simon of Cyrene who carried Jesus's cross, Mk 15: a certain man of the kindred of the high priest, Acts 4: Philo, Clement, and Origen are the founders of the tradition of allegorical reading of the Bible that developed in Alexandria between the first and the third centuries C.E. Our authorized texts of Homer and other classic writers come from Alexandria not from Athens. The story that the Arabs burned it in the 7th century is discredited and seemingly disproved (Butler). St. Clement of Alexandria believes that the Bible looks like St. Mary the Virgin who brought forth Jesus Christ and her virginity was preserved. Pantaenus, a converted Stoic philosopher, was its first head (180). Only the “simple” remain mired in literalistic readings, he thought. The Jews possessed many synagogues in their own district and in Philo's day these were not confined to any one section of the city. ALEXANDRA (̓Αλέξανδρα). The Luciferian Liberals haven’t seen enough vulgarity, blood from fighting, spit, trash and vandalism, since Witch Hillary lost the election. It is not mentioned in the Old Testament, and only incidentally in the New. The city’s lighthouse (or Pharos) was considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Alexandria. Tag: Alexandria. See Alexander for further details. used this Greek version exclusively in his commentaries, and he expanded the legend in the Letter of Aristeas by claiming that the 72 translators had worked independently but produced identical Greek translations (Moses 2.25-44). Situation .-- (Alexandria was situated on the Mediterranean Sea directly opposite the island of Pharos, 12 miles west of the Canopic branch of the Nile and 120 miles from the present city of Cairo.) That day, as Steindorff well puts it, "Egyp paganism received its death blow; the Egyptian religion fell to pieces" (History of Egypt). People who study a text from historical, literary, theological and other angles. Alexandra is a form of Alexander. Alexander the Great founded several cities by this name (or renamed them) as he extended his empire eastward. "For a long period Alexandria was the greatest of known cities." It is not mentioned in the Old Testament, and only" "incidentally in the New. Alexandrian Jews immediately received this translation as having full authority and condemned anyone who would try to alter it, and there is no question about its impact on Diaspora Jews. The statement of Josephus that Ptolemy Philadelphus (285-247) requested the Jews to translate the Old Testament into Greek is not incredible. The well-known Egyptian city of Alexandria is often called, "The Pearl of the Mediterranean." Today the ancient Alexandria lies entirely under the sea or beneath some later construction. According to these philosophers, these troublesome passages should be read symbolically, not literally. With the founding of the University of Alexandria began the "third great epoch in the history of civilization" (Max Muller). Description .-- Under the despotism of the later Ptolemies the trade of Alexandria declined, but its population and wealth were enormous. Arius was a catechist in this institution, and Athanasius, the "father of orthodoxy" and "theological center of the Nicene age" (Schaff), though not officially connected with the catechetical school was greatly affected by it, having been bred and trained in Alexandria. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Allon was a city given to the tribe of Naphtali as an inheritance in the Promised Land.It was also the name of a person who was a member of the tribe of Simeon. Under the protection of the first two Ptolemies and Euergetes Alexandria reached its highest prosperity, receiving through Lake Mareotis the products of Upper Egypt, reaching by the Great Sea all the wealth of the West, while through the Red Sea its merchant vessels brought all the treasures of India and Arabia into the Alexandria docks without once being unladen. Six different versions of the Old Testament in Hebrew and Greek in parallel in one book, first compiled by Origen in the hird century C.E. (2) The Septuagint, translated in Alexandria (3rd to 2nd centuries BC), preserves a Hebrew text 1,000 years older than any now known. The work thus begun was continued after the death of Alexander by the Ptolemies. His use of certain Greek terms that are also found in the Christian Greek Scriptures may shed light on their meaning and can therefore be of interest to Bible students.—See study note on Mt 19:28.

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