Spartan education was primarily a one about military training. After spending time in Egypt Lycurgus came to Sparta and developed their constitution. Education in ancient Sparta. 3, Issue 2, 2007.) Sparta is one of only three states in ancient Greece, along with Athens and Gortyn, for which any detailed information about the role of women survives. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Education in Ancient Greece. Much of the information about Sparta has come mainly through Plutarch. The purpose of education back in Ancient Sparta is different from the purpose of education today. This desire to survive contributed to a highly oppressive system from the viewpoint of an outsider but perhaps a saving grace for the Spartan. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Sparta boys entered military school when they were about six years old. Change ). When the boys were at the age of 7, they would receive the military training. The Spartan educational system was characterized by unique elements which attracted the praise of many ancient observers — including Plato — because they were unique to Sparta and in many ways the opposite of education in Athens. Spartans believed that healthy women would produce healthy babies. The Gymnasium of Virtue is the first book devoted exclusively to the study of education in ancient Sparta, covering the period from the sixth century B.C. Such students were called trophimoi. It was considered shameful to lose control of one’s behavior in any way. The Gymnasium of Virtue is the first book devoted exclusively to the study of education in ancient Sparta, covering the period from the sixth century B.C. Girls even got an education along with boys, which was very uncommon in ancient Greece. S parta was one of the most important cities in ancient Greece, and the stories of its heroic warriors continue to be retold through modern films and stories. The boys learnt survival skills and other skills vital to being a soldier. (An excellent article on this topic is provided by W. Lindsay Wheeler, in Sparta: Journal of Ancient Spartan and Greek History, Vol. Training for the military began at age 7, … The laws of Sparta were developed and written by Lycurgus, a legendary lawmaker who, in the 7th century BCE reorganized the political and social structure of the polis, transforming it into a strictly disciplined and collective society.He also developed the stringent military academy of the agoge, where Spartan boys were trained from childhood to adulthood. Sparta was one society that educated its girls. They were taught physical education, which included wrestling, gymnastics, and combat skills. With Ancient Greece there was a small city-state called Sparta. Because the Spartan government wanted Spartans to be tough and strong, they … In this article, you will read about the education … In their own country, they were a minority with a large population of neighboring freeman and an even larger population of slaves. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! When it came to the education of Spartan citizens, one of the differences that can be seen between this city-state and others is that it was one of the only locations to allow girls to receive an education among other equal rights. The Spartans were a military culture with a strong state apparatus. Xenophon, for instance, sent his two sons to Sparta for their education. One last point to mention is that children were seen as the property of the state. At six years old, children entered to the military school. Not only were the schools for the sons of the Spartiate, but also foster sons. In Sparta they believed the purpose of education was to produce men and women who could protect the city-state. Even the sons of helots and perioikoi could be admitted, as syntrophoi or mothakes, but only if a Spartiate adopted them and paid their dues. Education was very military focused for boys and girls, so most of the skills they learnt in school were combative and war centered. If it appeared healthy and strong, they would be assigned to a 'brotherhood' or a 'sisterhood,' however if the baby appeared weak and small, the infant would be left to die on a hillside or taken away to be trained as a slave. This naturally discourages such behaviors as drunkness. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. This ideal warrior was created almost forcefully through the “physical, social and moral education” system, the agoge. In ancient Sparta, reading and writing were not very important, so they were taught as a secondary skill for both boys and girls. If they lived in Sparta, they were sent to live in barracks. Facts about Ancient Sparta 7: Customs The age of seven was the age when most boys in Greece went to school. Women also received an education and the focus was on the development of the physical nature. The laws of Sparta were developed and written by Lycurgus, a legendary lawmaker who, in the 7th century BCE reorganized the political and social structure of the polis, transforming it into a strictly disciplined and collective society.He also developed the stringent military academy of the agoge, where Spartan boys were trained from childhood to adulthood. The reason for this emphasis on developing soldiers was due in part to the context in which the Spartans lived. Stealing was actually encourage as it taught stealth. Facts about Ancient Sparta 7: Customs Spartan women never had to join the military or the navy, they grew up to be This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Education in ancient Athens was private. MAny today know of Sparta because of the movies that have been made of this war-like people. to the fourth century A.D. Nigel Kennell refutes the popular notion that classical Spartan education was a conservative amalgam of "primitive" customs not found elsewhere in Greece. Sparta was very different to the rest of Greece, as their education system, instead of focusing on producing a well educated citizen focused on producing a strong warrior. Every Spartan, male or female, was required to have a perfect body. However, being caught was punished severely because it indicated carelessness, which could prove deadly on the battlefield. ( Log Out /  Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Like the Athenians, Spartan children would receive a basic education at the home until the age of 6 or 7, but in Sparta girls were allowed to leave home to receive an education at a school.Here the girls would learn gymnastics, wrestling, art, and mathematics. I know many people are probably wondering the history of both the Ancient Greek city-states, Athens and Sparta. Education in Ancient Athens and Ancient Sparta. With Ancient Greece there was a small city-state called Sparta. There were broadly three kinds of teaching. Life for a child in ancient Sparta was not easy, you would be expected to be strong from birth, otherwise you would not make it. Sparta is located in the region of Laconia, in the south-eastern Peloponnese. Plutarch mentions that Lycurgus (literally \"wolf-worker\") wrote the laws in order to make the city state of Sparta invincible, the Spartans fearless and law-abiding. For those that did survive, life would continue to be tough, but at the end of your training, boy or girl, you would be a physically strong, mentally strong member of one of the most powerful states in the ancient world. In ancient times, it was very rare that public education was a responsibility taken by the State, and in Sparta, both boys and girls were imparted education, albeit in different manners. This imitation of the aged rather than of other young people help Spartans to mature and develop a seriousness to them that would be hard to find in young people today. Education in the ancient Greek city - states . There was little similarity between the educational systems of ancient Athens and ancient Sparta. Spartans believed in a life of 'discipline, self denial, and simplicity,' and so the purpose of education was, simply, to produce an army. They were very loyal to the state of Sparta. The only way in the Spartans minds to maintain power was through the use of strength. ), Greeks from other city-states had a grudging admiration for the Spartans. Spartans believed in a life of discipline, self-denial, and simplicity. The old would spend time with the young boys. Fight, lie, kill, and steal were the skills that taught by Spartan to the children. In Sparta, boys were given military training from ages seven to twenty to prepare them for service in the army. to the fourth century A.D. Nigel Kennell refutes the popular notion that classical Spartan ed The boys were made to live in communal spaces and were made to undergo a curriculum that was often painful. With Ancient Greece there was a small city-state called Sparta. (Darlington, 2005) in order to be a part of the master race scheme. What else is there for a man to do when he cannot acquire wealth or enjoy his family? Young people would learn simply through copying the actions and behaviors of the aged. Although many historians dispute that Lycurgus ever actually existed as a hum… Boys were to control their appetites, respect the aged as well as their parents, and to be indifferent to suffering. However, the popular image of Sparta propagates a version of Sparta, our version of Sparta, and this is often quite removed from the ancient … MAny today know of Sparta because of the movies that have been made of this war-like people. Facts about Ancient Sparta 9: education. Now the main purpose of education in Sparta was to produce citizens who were soldiers as well. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Back in Ancient Sparta the purpose of education was to educate men and women so they can protect Sparta. The founder of the government of what makes up classical Sparta was Lycurgus. It was a law-package with politico-military, economic and social reforms. Athens was more focused on philosophy, nature, intelligence and the importance of education, where Sparta was focused on war, battle, and creating fierce soldiers that … This further strengthens the idea of the state over family. Spartan education began soon after birth, where babies were inspected by Ephors and cast onto the slopes of Mt Taygetus if the Spartan health standards were not met. Spartan education was primarily a one about military training. This ideal warrior was created almost forcefully through the “physical, social and moral education” system, the agoge. MAny today know of Sparta because of the movies that have been made of this war-like people. The school between boys and girls were separated. Education System Higher Education Ancient Sparta Teaching Historia College Teaching Learning Education. It was 'survival of the fittest' in Ancient Sparta. In a rather cruel way, weak children were eliminated at birth and only the strong were allowed to live. Article by Tutoring to Excellence in Education. A teacher offering education would be paid by the parents of his students. Ancient Sparta was built on the banks of the Eurotas River, the largest river of Laconia, which provided it with a source of fresh water.The valley of the Eurotas is a natural fortress, bounded to the west by Mt. The cold and hunger often compelled the boys to steal. Sparta was very different to the rest of Greece, as their education system, instead of focusing on producing a well educated citizen focused on producing a strong warrior. Children in most of ancient Greece started their education at age seven. ( Log Out /  Just like the education in Nazi Germany, the Agoge denied education to any person who couldn't prove to have Spartan blood. The goal of this system was to end up with a well drilled military machine who would respond to order and do what they were told. Unlike other ancient cultures, the Spartans loved music and spent a large of amount of free time developing this skill. Girls also were required to train physically. Not only was the agoge deemed extremely necessary, but the successful completion of the training regime was a prerequisite in order to receive Spartan citizenship. Education in Ancient Sparta. The reason for this emphasis on developing soldiers was due in part to the context in which the Spartans lived. In ancient Sparta, reading and writing were not very important, so they were taught as a secondary skill for both boys and girls. They were proud, fierce, capable warriors, both men and women. Both education and daily life were very different in Sparta, than in Athens or in the other ancient Greek city-states.. With the exception of the Athenians (who thought Athens was the best! (An excellent article on this topic is provided by W. Lindsay Wheeler, in Sparta: Journal of Ancient Spartan and Greek History, Vol. I know many people are probably wondering the history of both the Ancient Greek city-states, Athens and Sparta. The Gymnasium of Virtue is the first book devoted exclusively to the study of education in ancient Sparta, covering the period from the sixth century B.C. Education in Sparta was completely different. ( Log Out /  In ancient sparta boys left their homes at the age of seven and entered the public schooling system. Education was very military focused for boys and girls, so most of the skills they learnt in school were combative and war centered. Facts about Ancient Sparta 10: military training. Athens was more focused on philosophy, nature, intelligence and the importance of education, where Sparta was focused on war, battle, and creating fierce soldiers that … Gymnastics, wrestling, and the use of weapons were also emphasized. The primary goal of Spartan education was to produce good soldiers. For girls, school was also very similar. Young boys were taken from their homes at the age of 7 to live in the state barracks. Another primary method of learning was imitation. 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