5 Fun Facts About Athens . Food was taken by the occupying forces, farmers hoarded rations for their families in response, and the general disruption of farm productivity due to a giant war going on all led to a period known as the Great Famine of Greece. From oddities to firsts and everything in between, Athens offers a rich history of trivia and facts. We would be very remiss to not mention the heroism of Elias Barzilai, the Grand Rabbi of Athens in 1943. In 2015, 240,000 people were asked by European Best Destination to vote on which European city was the best one to visit. Introduction to Athens, Georgia. In other parts of Greece, an appalling 90% of Jews were killed by the Nazis. Surprisingly, despite Athens being the main urban center of Greece, a relatively high percentage of their Jewish population—about half—was saved from the Holocaust. Because we all need a happy ending, both men survived the war and lived long enough to be honored for their heroism. We’ll let you look at the history of democracy and let you decide for yourself how good that argument stands. Not surprisingly, Athens is a world center for the subjects of history and archaeology. However, things were just starting to get ugly for them. Before long, they’d spread to cities across Greece, and even found protests against Greek consulates in dozens of other countries. Sadly, Rome didn’t take a lesson from Athens and was famously sacked by Alaric and his army shortly afterward, which some historians mark as the death knell of Rome. The triumphant Spartans removed the democratic system in place at Athens and installed an oligarchy of 30 men known to history as the Thirty Tyrants. 42 Seriously Weird Facts About Ancient Greek Philosophers. Interestingly, the Soviet Union did not support the left-wing factions, some of whom identified as Communist. Free property Report for 329 County Road 42, Athens, TN 37303 - Single Family Residence. The anarchists’ reaction was explosive, to say the least, and the police ended up cracking down even harder on the anarchist movement. The kings ruled both cities. An ancient city dating to between 7,000 and 5,000 B.C.E., Athens is considered the birthplace of Western civilization. You would think that after the Persians, the Macedonians, the Romans, and the barbarian invaders, Athens had finally taken all it could of being raided or occupied by outside forces looking for plunder. The municipality of Athens has an … Unlike other main Greek cities of old, like Thebes or Sparta, Athens was ideally placed to be a center of trade and travel. “A philosopher once said, ‘Half of good philosophy is good grammar.’”—A. Many famous figures have been born in Athens, though the ones that most people tend to remember were born and died before the Middle Ages even happened. Additionally, he is an accomplished scriptwriter, having written the successful AA Meeting series for the stage and the award-winning film Depth of Pyaar. 1 % Athens cradle of Western civilisation. 11 facts / 123 reads / 0 votes. However, according to a source which the BBC spoke with, that number was too low to be accurate. It wasn’t until the victorious naval Battle of Salamis, followed by Plataea and Mycale, that the Persians were defeated and driven out of Greece. My mom never told me how her best friend died. Construction began in 520 BC on the orders of the tyrant Peisistratus and his son, Hippias. Koukidis obeyed the first part of the order, but then wrapped the Greek flag around his body and jumped from the Acropolis to his death. Despite the doubt, a plaque stands in Athens near the area where he supposedly fell from the Acropolis to honor his choice of death rather than assisting Nazis in any way. In fact, the nation has one of the highest numbers of international airports of any country in Europe. Athens is you (and you don’t know it-yet) Athens is completely unknown to most of us, even though we all strongly feel that we are aware of Acropolis and Parthenon and that’s it. The Visigoths were interested in plunder, and the Roman Empire was in such decline that they couldn’t hold the Visigoths in check any longer, so a large part of Greece was ravaged and plundered. Athens contains the largest of the many international airports found in Greece. She was Zeus’s favorite child. He himself was taken in by the EAM-ELAS, which saved hundreds of Jewish lives, on top of the thousands which Barzilai’s initial actions likely saved. The most interesting facts about Athens If you are planning a Tour in Athens, it is very important to know some tips about this fabulous city. The oldest discovered evidence of human settlement is the Cave of Schist, which might date back as far as 11,000 to 7,000 BC! At least 24 people died during the fighting, including a five-year-old boy caught in the crossfire. Over one million were forcibly removed and sent in either direction. Please let us know if a fact we’ve published is inaccurate (or even if you just suspect it’s inaccurate) by reaching out to us at contribute@factinate.com. This act was said to have inspired others to join the Greek resistance. Certaines femmes qui n'avaient pas d'uniformes épiques utilisaient naturellement le maquillage pour en dessiner un. Find a place to stay. Athens re-emerged in the 19th century as the capital of the independent Greek State. Athens was abandoned and deserted when they got word of the Persians’ approach, allowing the Persians to raze and plunder the city unopposed. Thousands of workers and youth joined in, causing the military to declare martial law. It was actually decried by people like Aristotle for being an example of how despots divert the attention the people they oppress with huge, overly gaudy building projects so that they’re too distracted or tired to rebel. Many of these displaced people coming from Turkey ended up settling in Athens, which underwent an explosive period of growth with all these new citizens moving in and trying to build new lives for themselves. Ironically, their ruthless measures to stomp out resistance only confirmed to the city of Athens that they needed to be overthrown. Although Athenian Democracy has been hailed as a monumental event in the history of government and politics, there were many who criticized the way democracy used to be set up. By the time that Greece was finally liberated, Athens had a population which was small enough to cluster in about 400 houses around the Acropolis! Depending on the different versions of the legend, Poseidon either gave the gift of water or the horse. They Say of the Acropolis Where the Parthenon Is… One of the main attractions in Athens is an ancient fortification on top of a hill in the middle of Athens. The most important cities in ancient Greek were Sparta and Athens. Idiocracy. Athenian democracy wasn’t quite as democratic as some people like to claim. Unlike other main Greek cities of old, like Thebes or Sparta, Athens was ideally placed to be a center of trade and travel. Let’s just…, The Truth Always Comes Out: Dark Family Secrets Exposed, Entrancing Facts About Madame de Pompadour, France's Most Powerful Mistress, Tragic Facts About Catherine of Aragon, Henry VIII’s First Wife, Scandalous Facts About Hollywood, The Seediest Town In America, Non-Americans Share Their Misconceptions About The USA, 43 Villainous Facts About Benedict Arnold, The Man Who Tried To Sell America. Many famous figures have been born in Athens, though the ones that most people tend to remember were born and died before the Middle Ages even happened. Athens was named after Athena who triumphed the guardian position of the city. All Rights Reserved. However, it was a kinder, gentler domination than they were used to by then. Catherine of Aragon was King Henry VIII’s first wife and longest-lasting Queen of England. During the occupation of Greece, he was ordered to submit a list of names and addresses of Jews living in Athens. Sorry, tourists. Too Sexy for My Tweezers. Unfortunately, things were just getting started. Moreover, the Athenians reportedly put people off by their high-minded assumption that they deserved the right to host the Olympic Games before anyone else simply due to the history of the Olympics. Despite the doubt, a plaque stands in Athens near the area where he supposedly fell from the Acropolis to honor his choice of death rather than assisting Nazis in any way. They finally returned to Athens in 2004. The sacred buildings on top of the Acropolis include the Parthenon, the Erechtheion, and the Propylaia, all of which date back to the … Ironically, their ruthless measures to stomp out resistance only confirmed to the city of Athens that they needed to be overthrown. Athens’ population was 3,052,000 in 2015…. The democratic Athenians still kept slaves, just like the rest of the Greek city-states. We’ll let you look at the history of democracy and let you decide for yourself how good that argument stands. The fighting in Athens, which lasted from December 3, 1944, to January 11, 1945—see the title—was being done even as the Second World War was still raging in other parts of Europe. Unlike many, they decided to do something about it. Page. City Of Athens Facts. In the late 4th century AD, Greece was invaded by the Visigoths, led by Alaric, their first, and arguably most famous, king. 15. Although Catherine's successor Queen Anne Boleyn suffered an infamously dark fate, Aragon's own life was somehow even more tragic. Admittedly, the evidence of his existence has yet to be confirmed, as it could have simply been a story invented to encourage Greek resistance to the occupying force. Each bestowed a gift to the city and were judged on which was the better gift. Athens - Athens - The Agora: The avenue leads down to the Agora, which the American School of Classical Studies started restoring in 1931, paying $2.5 million compensation to the several hundred families living there. During the occupation of Greece, he was ordered to submit a list of names and addresses of Jews living in Athens. Athens, Georgia. Another reason was through the actions of heroic resistance fighters who sheltered Jews. However, things were just starting to get ugly for them. The Athenians couldn’t really breathe a sigh of relief, though; the Ottoman domination of Greece would last until the 19th century AD. They finally returned to Athens in 2004. Construction on the massive Temple finally resumed, but things were stalled again when Antiochus died. Athenian democracy wasn’t quite as democratic as some people like to claim. During this occupation by the Ottomans, the city of Athens lost a lot of prestige as a city. One of the biggest—and most celebrated—demonstrations in modern Greek history occurred at the Athens Polytechnic University in November 1973. Athens, Ohio. Giant Gorges This claim of deviancy was denied by everyone who’d known Grigoropoulos, and only fueled the riots. Athens, like the rest of Greece, suffered terribly under the occupation of the Axis powers. Athena was regarded as the patron and protectress of various cities across Greece, particularly the city of Athens, from which she most likely received her name. Allegedly, Koukidis was ordered by the Germans to take the Greek flag down, hand it over, and raise the Nazi flag in its place. In the aftermath of World War I, the Greeks and Turks decided they weren’t done fighting. It wasn’t until the victorious naval Battle of Salamis, followed by Plataea and Mycale, that the Persians were defeated and driven out of Greece. In the late 4th century AD, Greece was invaded by the Visigoths, led by Alaric, their first, and arguably most famous, king. After the Second World War, you’d think that the Greeks would have had enough of bloodshed and misery. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, vol. Once the Nazis were removed from power, fighting broke out in Athens between the powerful left-wing resistance group known as the EAM-ELAS and the Greek government, not to mention various groups of right-wing resistance fighters who were backed by the British army. According to the BBC, the workers hired to construct the buildings in Athens for the games were mostly from eastern Europe and southern Asia. The Peloponnesian War resulted in the defeat of Athens by Sparta and its allies—helped in part by Persian finance. © Copyright 2021 by Factinate.com. In ancient times the Greeks lived in city states. Greece was reeling from accusations of corruption in the government and infrastructure, it had been hit very hard by the 2008 economic crisis, and unemployment was skyrocketing as a result. Either EAM-ELAS would win and become Soviet allies, or else the British involvement in their defeat would be good for propaganda. From petty paybacks to insane acts of karma, these bitter people somehow found the most ingenious ways…. In a great act of defiance, Barzilai tore up and burned the community records and warned his congregations to run away or hide. Athens is the capital of Greece and also its largest city. Athens is the location of the first university chartered and supported by state funds, The University of Georgia. However, it was a kinder, gentler domination than they were used to by then. Interestingly, the Soviet Union did not support the left-wing factions, some of whom identified as Communist. Most are aware of the heroic last stand of King Leonidas of Sparta and his 300 Spartans at Thermopylae—though they forget the thousands of Greeks who fought alongside them and the hundreds of said allies who were there for the last stand as well. Athens could scarcely have a day go by without a clash or riot breaking out somewhere, and things took an especially dark turn when the police shot and killed 15-year-old Michalis Kaltezas. In 174 BC, the project was finally revived by Antiochus IV, King of the Seleucid Empire, who found himself hanging out in Athens and was bored enough to take up an old unfinished project that was still lying around. The city is home to a total of 17 Foreign Archaeological Institutes. The sacred buildings on top of the Acropolis include the Parthenon, the Erechtheion, and the Propylaia, all of which date back to the 5th century BC. The worst part of it was the fact that the Temple of Zeus barely lasted a fifth of that time before it was badly damaged when the Herules sacked Athens—why didn’t they ever learn how to defend themselves? One reason for the lower ratio of deaths in Athens was because the Jewish population had integrated so well amongst the Orthodox Christians that outsiders found it very difficult to locate them. While the killing of Alexandros Grigoropoulos had sparked the riots into gear, they came to embody all the resentments and anger of the Greek populace at the time. One of the great Athenian heroes of his day was Cimon, who lived in the mid-fifth century BC. However, there was a prominent attempt on their part to host the 1996 Olympics in the city of Athens. After the Turks drove the Greek army and their allies out of Asia Minor, there was a massive population exchange. There's something about the family structure that encourages secrets. The city center of Athens is only 15 sq miles or 39 sq kilometers. However, it is also one of the smallest regions in the country, being less … Greater Athens has an area of 165 square miles (427 square km). 0-17. On the 30th of May 1941, just over a month after it was raised, Glezos and Santas snuck up to the Acropolis at night and tore the Nazi flag down, leaving the pole empty the next day. The city is home to a total of 17 Foreign Archaeological Institutes. I’m sure you’ve observed by now that the largest Greek island has a very diverse landscape. German occupation of Greece was focused on the area around Athens, and they made sure everyone knew it by flying the Nazi flag over the Acropolis—definitely a low point for that monument. Construction began in 520 BC on the orders of the tyrant Peisistratus and his son, Hippias. These two 19-year-olds, as one would expect of any decent human being, were sickened at the sight of the Nazi flag flying over the Acropolis. Amazingly, the Temple of Zeus was finally completed, but not until the reign of the Roman Emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century AD. Despite winning the first victories of WWII against the Axis Powers, the Greeks were eventually overrun by the combined Italian and German forces. In other parts of Greece, an appalling 90% of Jews were killed by the Nazis. Athens is home to 148 theatrical stages, more than any other European city (including the famous ancient Herodes Atticus Theatre, home to the Athens Festival, which takes place from May to October each year). 2 baths, 1,302 sq. He suspected that as many as 40 people died during the construction process. The anarchists’ reaction was explosive, to say the least, and the police ended up cracking down even harder on the anarchist movement. History. During this time it grew from a small fishing village to the most important city in the ancient world. The Kifisós River, only a trickle in summer, flows through the western half; the Ilisós River, often dry, Check-in. 5. Moreover, the Athenians reportedly put people off by their high-minded assumption that they deserved the right to host the Olympic Games before anyone else simply due to the history of the Olympics. Trop sexy pour mes pinces. With Cimon out of the way, Athens and Sparta were a few steps closer to the huge Peloponnesian War. At Factinate, we’re dedicated to getting things right. But is the city just resting on its laurels or is there more to Athens? Introduction to Athens, Ohio. 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